Tashkent — is one of the most biggest ancient city in Central Asia — the capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The first information about Tashkent as a city settling is kept in the ancient east chronicles of the II century B.C., in the Chinese sources it’s called Yuni; in the inscriptions of 262 years B.C. of Pursian king Shapura I on «Kaabe Zoroastra» the oasis of Tashkent was called Chach. And Chach was a crossroads on the way of gold export, precious stones, spices and splendid horses to another towns and states. Today Tashkent, in translation from uzbek standing for «Stone town» is a capital of modern Republic, keeping the evidence of future, the memory of many history events of Uzbekistan, — one of the biggest industrial center of Central Asia, with the population of over 2 million people. Tashkent is twinned with following cities.
- Beijing, China
- Berlin, Germany
- Kortrijk, Belgium
- Seattle, Washington, United States
- Seoul, South Korea
Historical and architectural monuments of Tashkent:
· Medrese of Kukeldash (14th century).,
· Mausoleum of Kaffal-Shashi (15th century).,
· Architectural ensemble of Hazrati (Saint) Imom (16th century).,
· Medrese of Abul Kasim (19th century).,
· Medrese of Barak-han (16th century).
· The Mosque of Juma (Friday) (19th century).,
· The museum of Amir Temur — masterpiece of modern architecture,
· Amir Temur Square,
· The Square of Freedom,
· The Square of Friendship of Nations,
· The Monument of Courage,
· The Square of Hasti Imom,
· The Mosque of Tilla Sheyh,
· The Square of Hadra,
· Mausoleum of Sufi Ota.